Baby’s Developmental Milestones

dad and baby

The period from birth to one year is critical in an infant due to expected developmental milestones. First-time parents are eager to capture every moment. Baby’s first smile, first tooth, first words, first steps seem adorable and miraculous.  Often, these parents have plenty of questions on whether the baby’s growth stages are on track. How infants walk, speak, act, and play, offers important clues regarding their development. How is one to know if their child is blooming right and not experiencing any delays? According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the milestones to be achieved by each age are as follows:

AgeWhat to expect
Two months – Baby begins to smile at people
– Tries to look at the parent(s)
– Coos and turns head towards sounds
– Pays attention to faces
– Can hold head up and begin to push up when lying on the tummy
– Follows things with eyes
– Acts bored if activities don’t change
– Makes smoother movements with arms and legs
Four months– Smiles spontaneously at people
– Plays with people and might cry when playing stops
– Copies some movements and facial expressions like smiling
– Babbles with expression and copies sounds
– Cries differently to show hunger, pain, or fatigue
– Responds to affection
– Reaches out for toys
– Uses hands and eyes together
– Follows moving things with eyes
– Watches faces closely
– Recognizes familiar people
– Holds head steady
– Able to roll over
– Calms when spoken to or picked up
– Brings hands to mouth
– Pushes down on legs when feet are on a hard surface
Six months– Knows familiar faces and can detect strangers
– Shows interest in other infants
– Responds to sounds by making sounds
– Makes sounds to show joy or displeasure
– Begins to say consonant sounds
– Starts to sit unsupported
– Rolls over in both directions
– Curious about things and tries to get items that are out of reach
– Passes things from one hand to the other
– Responds to own name
Nine months– Clingy with a familiar adult
– Understands no
– Makes lots of different sounds
– Copies the gestures and sounds of others
– Uses fingers to point at things
– Crawls
– Looks for things you may be hiding
– Sits unsupported
– Pulls to stand
– Teething
Twelve months– Tries to imitate words you say
– Uses sound with tonal variations
– Repeats sounds or actions to get attention
– Uses gestures like shaking their head and waving
– Follows simple instructions
– Looks at the right picture when things are named
– Starts using things correctly like drinking from a cup
– Gets to a sitting position without help
– May stand alone and also take a few steps without holding on
– Sleeps less during the day
– Baby’s weight has rapidly increased from birth

Some babies are late bloomers, while others may be having some challenges. If the expected milestone is unattained, visit a doctor for proper diagnosis and guidance. While on the parenthood journey, enjoy each phase as it is for a season. Laugh, create memories, and bond with your baby for healthy outcomes.

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